Travel after Brexit – What does it mean for your holiday in the EU?

As of 1st January 2021, the UK has officially left the EU, which may mean some changes to your holiday if you are a UK citizen and are entering any EU country, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland.

Here is everything you need to know about your holiday from January 1, including passports, visas, driving and travel insurance:

Do I need to renew my passport?

If you’re travelling to the EU from 1st January 2021, you may need to renew your passport earlier, as it will need to be less than 10 years old (even if it has 6 months or more left) and it will need to have at least 6 months left validity. To check the requirements for different countries, please see here.

These rules do not apply to travel to Ireland. You can continue to use your passport as long as it’s valid for the length of your stay.

Due to the current challenges of Covid-19, the waiting time for processing passport renewals is longer than 3 weeks, so please allow sufficient time for the application. To renew a passport, please see here.

Will I need a visa to travel into the EU?

If you’re a tourist, you will not need a visa for short trips to EU countries, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. You’ll be able to stay for up to 90 days in any 180-day period.

Brussels has said that British visitors will be visa-exempt 'third-country nationals' initially, which means that there’s no need for an application in advance. But within a couple of years, British citizens will be subject to the new European Travel Information and Authorisation System (ETIAS), which the EU is working to impose no later than 2022.

At border control in the EU, you may be required to:

- Show a return or onward ticket

- Show you have enough money for your stay

- Use separate lanes from EU, EEA and Swiss citizens when queueing

From 2022 (the exact date is yet to be confirmed), you will have to buy a visa waiver for holidays and short stays in the EU. This is not a visa but a permission to enter. It will cost €7 (£6.29) and will be issued under the European Travel Information and Authorisation System.

If I want to drive to EU countries, will I need to get another driving licence?

A British driving licence will continue to be classed as a Europe-wide permit until the end of 2020. After that, it is possible that some EU countries will insist on an International Driving Permit. Full details about International Driving Permits, including what permit you need for each country can be seen here.

There are a number of different permits available for different countries within the EU, so you should check carefully which permit is required for each country you intend to drive within, as you may need more than one permit to comply with the law. If required, International Driving Permits cost £5.50 and are available directly from the Post Office.

The Government is also advising that you will need a GB sticker for your car when driving in the EU after Brexit. If you’re taking your own vehicle, you might also need a ‘green card’ - a certificate extending the travel insurance to the minimum legal requirements in EU countries, which will be provided by the car insurance company.

Will I still get free health care?

The European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) allows any EU citizen to access state medical care when they are travelling in another EU country. Your EHIC will be valid up until the end of its expiry date. From January, travellers without a valid EHIC can apply for a new UK Global Health Insurance Card (GHIC), which will replace EHIC once it has been pha